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Presumed knowledge

NUMBER AND ALGEBRA

- Number systems: natural numbers ℕ; integers, ℤ; rationals, ℚ, and irrationals; real numbers, ℝ
- SI (Système International) units for mass, time, length, area and volume and their derived units, eg. speed
- Rounding, decimal approximations and significant figures, including appreciation of errors
- Definition and elementary treatment of absolute value (modulus), a
- Use of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division using integers, decimals and fractions, including order of operations
- Prime numbers, factors (divisors) and multiples
- Greatest common factor (divisor) and least common multiples (HL only)
- Simple applications of ratio, percentage and proportion
- Manipulation of algebraic expressions, including factorization and expansion
- Rearranging formulae
- Calculating the numerical value of expressions by substitution
- Evaluating exponential expressions with simple positive exponents
- Evaluating exponential expressions with rational exponents
- Use of inequalities, <,≤,>,≥, intervals on the real number line
- Simplification of simple expressions involving roots (surds or radicals)
- Rationalising the denominator
- Expression of numbers in the form a×10k, 1≤a<10, k∈ℤ
- Familiarity with commonly accepted world currencies
- Solution of linear equations and inequalities
- Solution of quadratic equations and inequalities with rational coefficients
- Solving systems of linear equations in two variables
- Concept and basic notation of sets. Operations on sets: union and intersection
- Addition and subtraction of algebraic fractions.

FUNCTIONS

- Graphing linear and quadratic functions using technology
- Mappings of the elements of one set to another. Illustration by means of sets of ordered pairs, tables, diagrams and graphs.

GEOMETRY AND TRIGONOMETRY

- Pythagoras’ theorem and its converse
- Mid-point of a line segment and the distance between two points in the Cartesian plane
- Geometric concepts: point, line, plane, angle
- Angle measurement in degrees, compass directions
- The triangle sum theorem
- Right-angle trigonometry, including simple applications for solving triangles
- Three-figure bearings
- Simple geometric transformations: translation, reflection, rotation, enlargement
- The circle, its centre and radius, area and circumference. The terms diameter, arc, sector, chord, tangent and segment
- Perimeter and area of plane figures. Properties of triangles and quadrilaterals, including parallelograms, rhombuses, rectangles, squares, kites and trapezoids; compound shapes
- Familiarity with three-dimensional shapes (prisms, pyramids, spheres, cylinders and cones)
- Volumes and surface areas of cuboids, prisms, cylinders, and compound three-dimensional shapes

STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

- The collection of data and its representation in bar charts, pie charts, pictograms, and line graphs
- Obtaining simple statistics from discrete data, including mean, median, mode, range
- Calculating probabilities of simple events
- Venn diagrams for sorting data
- Tree diagrams

CALCULUS

- Speed = distance/time

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Resources

To refresh some of your presumed knowledge:

Math textbook - Pre IB course

To get some extra math support:

To get ahead of the game:

Mathematics Analysis and approaches

OTHERS